Open Access



A Study on Perceived Parenting Style and Spiritual Intelligence among College Students of Ranchi Town in Jharkhand

Vandana Sahu Jayaswal

DIP: 18.02.007/20220701

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0701007

Received: December 05, 2021; Revision Received: January 18, 2022; Accepted: March 25, 2022


Spiritual Intelligence is the intelligence that makes us whole, that gives us our integrity. It is the soul’s intelligence, the intelligence of the deep self. It is the intelligence with which we ask fundamental questions and with which we reframe our answers. The main objective of the present study was to examine the impact of perceived parenting style (permissive/restrictive), religion (Hindu and Muslim) and gender (boys and girls) on spiritual intelligence of college students. It was hypothesized that parenting style, religion and gender significantly effect on spiritual intelligence. The sample of the present study consisted of 80 college students studying in B.Sc. Semester-I (Faculty of Sciences) aged from 16 to 21 years. The sample was selected by stratified random sampling technique. To collect the required data, Three-Dimensional Parenting Style, developed by Hardeo Ojha, 1991 and Spiritual Intelligence Scale developed by Santosh Dhar and Upinder Dhar, 2010 was applied on the college students of Ranchi town. The obtained data were analyzed with the help of Mean, SD, t & ANOVA. As main finding it was found that college students who perceived their parents as permissive had more spiritual intelligence than students who perceived their parents as rejecting parent. The result also showed that Hindu students had more spiritual intelligence than Muslim students whereas boys and girls didn’t differ significantly on spiritual intelligence.

The authors profoundly appreciate all the people who have successfully contributed to ensuring this paper in place. Their contributions are acknowledged however their names cannot be mentioned.

The author declared no conflict of interest.

This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Jayaswal. V.S @

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A Study on Perceived Parenting Style and Spiritual Intelligence among College Students of Ranchi Town in Jharkhand

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.02.007/20220701

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0701007

Published in

Volume 07 Issue 1, January – March, 2022

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