Original Study

Open Access

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Peer-reviewed

Autism Spectrum Disorders: Advances in Understanding and Intervention Strategies

Aiysha Noorie , Arkadeb Dutta , Ajay Kumar Harit , Priyesh Kumar Mishra

DIP: 18.02.005/20240901

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0901005

Received: January 17, 2024; Revision Received: January 21, 2024; Accepted: January 27, 2024

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder is distinguished by a variety of early-onset difficulties in social communication and repetitive sensory-motor activities, which are frequently anchored in a major genetic component as well as other contributing elements. Individuals with autism are today more optimistic than they were five decades ago, with a growing number learning to speak, read, and participate actively in community life. However, full-time employment and complete independence remain elusive for the majority. Despite the intriguing risk patterns identified through genetic and neurological studies, practical applications remain limited. The disorder’s complex and mysterious origins strongly suggest a substantial genetic foundation. ASD is growing more widespread across the world, with current research showing that 6 out of every 1000 children are affected Biomarkers that examine early structural and functional links, as well as other biological processes, have the ability to diagnose ASD risk before obvious behavioural symptoms appear.  Despite these advancements, diagnosis typically occurs between the ages of 4-5. This study focuses on progress in identifying early behavioural and biological indicators, discusses current screening options and challenges, and explores best practices in diagnostic assessment, including emerging data on innovative service models.

We thank the Kalinga University authority for providing us the opportunity to write and publish a research article. Secondly, I would like to thank my parents, my guide and my friends for constantly supporting me in writing the paper.

The author(s) declared no conflict of interest.

This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Responding Author Information

Ajay Kumar Harit @ ajay.harit@kalingauniversity.ac.in

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Autism Spectrum Disorders: Advances in Understanding and Intervention Strategies

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.02.005/20240901

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0901005

Published in

Volume 09, Issue 1, January – March, 2024

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