Open Access



Rural-Urban Migration in India: Socioeconomic Implications and Coping Strategies

Vanzara Prahalad

DIP: 18.02.16/20230801

DOI: 10.25215/2455/080116

Received: December 10, 2022; Revision Received: January 17, 2023; Accepted: March 25, 2023


Rural-urban migration in India is a dynamic and complex phenomenon, driven by a myriad of socioeconomic factors. This article explores the multifaceted nature of rural-urban migration, focusing on its drivers, socioeconomic implications, and coping strategies employed by migrants. Economic disparities between rural and urban areas stand out as a primary driver, drawing individuals and families to urban centers in pursuit of higher wages and improved employment prospects. Education, infrastructure deficiencies, and the promise of better living conditions further fuel this migration. The socioeconomic implications of rural-urban migration are profound and multifaceted. Income disparities persist, as migrants often find themselves in low-skilled, informal sector jobs with limited job security. Housing challenges, overcrowding, and inadequate living conditions in urban areas impact the physical and mental well-being of migrants. Social integration can be difficult, as cultural differences and discrimination often hinder the full inclusion of migrants in urban communities. Access to healthcare and quality education remains uneven, posing additional challenges for migrants and their families. To navigate these challenges, rural-urban migrants employ various coping strategies. Informal support networks within their community offer social and emotional support, while remittances sent back to rural areas significantly improve the financial situation of their households. Settlement in informal settlements, skill development, access to government schemes, and participation in the informal sector are among the coping mechanisms used. These strategies enable migrants to adapt and thrive in their new urban environments. While past studies have contributed significantly to our understanding of rural-urban migration in India, the dynamic nature of this phenomenon necessitates ongoing research. As India’s socioeconomic landscape evolves, policy interventions must address the root causes of migration-related challenges and create inclusive urban environments that harness the potential of migrants for the benefit of both rural and urban populations.

The authors profoundly appreciate all the people who have successfully contributed to ensuring this paper in place. Their contributions are acknowledged however their names cannot be mentioned.

The author declared no conflict of interest.

This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Responding Author Information

Vanzara Prahalad @

Related Content
Rural-Urban Migration in India: Socioeconomic Implications and Coping Strategies

Total Download: 7 | Total View: 145

PlumX Matrix

Plum Analytics uses research metrics to help answer the questions and tell the stories about research. Research metrics that immediately measure awareness and interest give us new ways to uncover and tell the stories of research.

Dimensions Matrix

Dimensions is a next-generation linked research information system that makes it easier to find and access the most relevant information, analyze the academic and broader outcomes of research, and gather insights to inform future strategy. (digital science)

Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.02.16/20230801

DOI: 10.25215/2455/080116

Published in

Volume 08, Issue 1, January – March, 2023

  • 7Downloads
  • 0Citations
  • 145Views
  • 0Likes
How to Cite
Make a Submission