Original Study

Open Access

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Peer-reviewed

How Gender Equality Can Lead to Women Employment: Going Beyond Women on the Board

Shivani Semwal

DIP: 18.02.018/20240901

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0901018

Received: February 02, 2024; Revision Received: February 13, 2024; Accepted: February 14, 2024

Abstract

Women are paid 79 cents for every dollar paid to men—despite the fact that over the last several decades’ millions more women have joined the workforce and made huge gains in their educational attainment. Too often it is assumed that this pay gap is not evidence of discrimination, but is instead a statistical artefact of failing to adjust for factors that could drive earnings differences between men and women. However, these factors—particularly occupational differences between women and men—are themselves often affected by gender bias. For example, by the time a woman earns her first dollar, her occupational choice is the culmination of years of education, guidance by mentors, expectations set by those who raised her, hiring practices of firms, and widespread norms and expectations about work–family balance held by employers, co-workers, and society. In other words, even though women disproportionately enter lower-paid, female-dominated occupations, this decision is shaped by discrimination, societal norms, and other forces beyond women’s control. The gender wage gap is real—and hurts women across the board by suppressing their earnings and making it harder to balance work and family. Serious attempts to understand the gender wage gap should not include shifting the blame to women for not earning more. Rather, these attempts should examine where our economy provides unequal opportunities for women at every point of their education, training, and career choices.

The author(s) appreciates all those who participated in the study and helped to facilitate the research process.

The author(s) declared no conflict of interest.

This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Responding Author Information

Shivani Semwal @ shivani.semwal07@gmail.com

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How Gender Equality Can Lead to Women Employment: Going Beyond Women on the Board

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.02.018/20240901

DOI: 10.25215/2455/0901018

Published in

Volume 09, Issue 1, January – March, 2024

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