Most of the research studies require knowledge of statistics for the implementation of research results thus in addition to the knowledge of statistical facts the researchers need to acquire statistical reasoning and thinking for making appropriate decision on the use of suitable statistical tool based on the data and for making accurate decision about the rejection and acceptance of the research hypotheses and for drawing accurate, clear and precise conclusions. This study explores the effect of discipline and gender on various dimensions of statistical competence of research scholars of university of Kashmir. For this study quantitative research approach was adopted with paper and pencil survey as research method. Data were collected with the help of questionnaire developed by Punita Govil, Mamum Ali Naji Qasem and Swati Gupta (2015). Two-way ANOVA in the study revealed that discipline of research scholars had a significant effect on understanding of basic statistical concepts, measuring and interpreting the coefficient of correlation, use of various parametric methods, use of various non-parametric methods, explaining the results given by the statistical programs as SAS, SPSS etc., and selecting the appropriate statistical method in accordance with the problem. The study also revealed that gender of research scholars had a significant effect on understanding of basic statistical concepts, measuring and interpreting the coefficient of correlation and selecting the appropriate statistical method in accordance with the problem. However the significant effect of interaction of discipline and gender of research scholars was found only on interpretation of descriptive statistics. Based on these findings, it is recommended that the curriculum at the graduation level should be revised so that the students may have requisite previous knowledge and at post-graduation level learner’s knowledge and understanding of statistics should be improved in such a way that when students enter universities they already possess a certain set of statistical skills and abilities.